In a study published in the Journal of Food Protection, EatSafe conducted a rigorous scoping review to assess vendor-facing food safety interventions carried out globally over the past 20 years, and categorized and analyzed them by type of intervention, methods, and outcomes to understand which interventions might be effective in changing vendor's knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) towards food safety.
In an article published in Advances in Nutrition and Food Science, EatSafe conducted a desk review of food safety legislation, regulations, and standards in Nigeria and consulted with food safety stakeholders representing government agencies, NGOs, and food business operators in the Federal Capital Territory, Kebbi, and Nasarawa States.
Four regional guidelines developed by the Codex Alimentarius to improve the safety of street-vended food were examined for their application to traditional food markets. Given the gaps identified in the individual regional guidelines, a uniform international standard is needed for national, regional, and local governments to use when managing food safety in traditional markets.
In this report, EatSafe addresses the gap of food safety data within the Food Systems Dashboard (FSD) by identifying indicators relevant to national food safety systems, assess the availability of data sources, and develops a systematic, quantitative scheme to evaluate indicators against FSD inclusion criteria.
Stakeholders include any person, organization or social group that has a stake (vital interest) in the business of food and its safety. Stakeholder categories can reflect functional involvements or motives (e.g., customers, employees, investors, suppliers, vendors, communities, or the government).
Achieving optimal health and nutrition requires people to be both well-nourished and free from foodborne hazards. The Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN) has long recognized the importance of integrating food safety to achieve global nutrition and food security goals.
In this Scoping Review, 116 relevant studies were identified, with most focusing on one state/city, urban areas, vendors, and practices. Studies suggest ‘knowledge’ and ‘attitude’ to be better than actual ‘practices’. Food safety practices of consumers often aligned with those of vendors. Training may help improve knowledge, but rigorous evaluation is needed.
This report includes the findings of two reviews: one focused on hazard in foods consumed in Ethiopia, and the other on beverages.
Ethiopia’s 2018 Food and Nutrition Policy cited food safety as critical to improving nutrition and public health, with responsibility for implementation spread across a dozen federal governing bodies. Food safety regulations omit traditional markets where many Ethiopians buy and sell food. Without compliance rules, some vendors are untrained and lack licenses to operate – increasing food safety risks.
In Nigeria, recent regulatory efforts to prioritize food safety resulted in the draft National Food Safety and Quality Bill, which has yet to be enacted into law but currently awaits a final reading by Nigeria’s 9th National Assembly.